GTI Program

Taiwan Introduction

Taiwan is a beautiful tropical island in the Western Pacific Ocean, located to the east of China, to the north of the Philippines, and to the south of Japan. The total land mass is roughly 36,000 square kilometers, about the same size of the Netherlands. The Capital city Taipei is the largest city and the main economic and cultural hub. It is a modern metropolitan with a lively and diversified environment.

Home to a population of 23.5 million people, Taiwan contributes to one of the highest population densities in the world with approximately 650 people per square kilometer. The island observes the combination of tropical, sub-tropical and temperate climates, providing clear differentiation between the seasons.

Most of the population in Taiwan are employed in service related industries, yet the country is most well-known for its tech sector. Most of the electronic devices in our hands have components manufactured by Taiwanese companies such as Delta and Foxconn.

Taiwanese are generally described as warm, welcoming, and kind. We sincerely hope that you feel right at home, and wish you have a great time here.

For over centuries, Taiwan – the Formosa Island – is home to different tribes of aboriginals. Until roughly 400 years ago, the first civil settlement was recorded. Taiwan’s history can be divided into 5 periods – Prehistoric, Spanish-Dutch colonization, Qing Dynasty, Japanese colonization, and the current era.

In the prehistoric era, there were different tribes in Taiwan, and they have developed into two main groups – Mountainous and Flatlands, each of them has distinct cultures and traditions.

However, located at the conjunction of East Asia, Taiwan became the focus of the dominant powers of the East and West during the era of discovery four hundred years ago. The Portuguese were the first to spot Taiwan, naming it “Formosa”. The Dutch and the Spanish followed shortly and established colonies in the South and North of Taiwan respectively.

After the Spanish-Dutch colonization, the Qing Dynasty from mainland China sent an army to take over Taiwan, admitting the island into its vast empire. Since then, Taiwan under mainland China’s rule until 1895 when the Qing Dynasty ceased Taiwan to Japan due to defeat of war.

Series of infrastructure development and industrialization under Japanese rule pushed Taiwan into modernization. Newest technologies of the period were introduced and adopted, such as electricity and plumbing to major cities throughout Taiwan. After Japan’s defeat in World War II, Taiwan was handed over to the current government.

Today, Taiwan enjoys liberal democracy with a high standard of living, making it one of the most developed countries in the Asia-Pacific

If this is your first visit to Taiwan, you will most certainly be amazed by the diverse aspects this beautiful island offers as the rich historical background granted Taiwan with a unique cultural heritage.

People from many different places and backgrounds, such as Taiwan’s indigenous people, the southern Fujianese from early China, Hakka immigrants, the Dutch, Spanish, Japanese, and new immigrants have all played a role in Taiwan’s development.

While gradually developing a new culture unique to Taiwan, they also held on to their customs and traditions; as a result, you will be able to sample indigenous, Taiwanese, and Chinese cultures and even find traces left by the Dutch and the Japanese when traveling in Taiwan.

Local Information

UTC+8
Normal Summer Temperature is 27ºc-33ºc with
Occasional Thunder Shower
110V
New Taiwan Dollar (NTD)